What is MVC (Model View Controller) ?

MVC – Model View Controller

MVC is an architectural pattern designed for web development that separates an application into three major components of MVC: the model, the view, and the controller. Each of these components handles specific development aspects of the web application.

MVC- Model View Controller


Description of components of MVC (Model View Controller)

  1. Model

It manages data of Business logic and validation application. It is mainly responsible for maintaining data. This may be a database, file, or simple object.

  1. View

It is the means of displaying objects within an application. A view requests the information from the model.

  1. Controller

The controller accepts inputs and performs the corresponding updates. It updates both the model and the view. It handles user interaction. A controller is the software code that controls the interaction between the model and the view.


Structure of MVC (Model View Controller)

The controller receives all the requests for the application and then instructs the model to prepare any information required by the view. The uses the data to bring it as the final output.


Advantages of MVC (Model View Controller)

  • In MVC, it is possible for many programmers to deploy on one particular website i.e. one programmer can work on view while others can work on the controller.
  • Frequent changes in the user interface do not affect the entire model.
  • It is highly scalable.
  • As it separates the logic(server-side) and user interface(client-side), it makes programmers easy to write the code and manipulate the data or the logics without taking many efforts.


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Mayuri Bhoyar

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