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Adjective and Its Types

Adjective and Its Types


An adjective is a word that adds something to the meaning of a noun.

E.g: England is a rich country.

 

Kinds of Adjectives


  1. Adjectives of quality
  2. Adjectives of quantity
  3. Adjectives of number
  4. Distributive adjectives
  5. Demonstrative adjectives
  6. Interrogative adjectives
  7. Possessive adjectives

 

Adjective of Quality


These adjectives tell us of what kind a place, a person or a thing is. Such adjectives are called adjectives of quality.

e.g: big, great, beautiful, honest, etc.

Adjective of quality answer the question……… of what kind? They are also called descriptive adjectives because they describe a person, a place, or a thing.

 

Adjectives of Quantity


These adjectives much tell us how much of a thing is intended. These adjectives do not describe things or persons. Such adjectives are called adjectives of quantity.

e.g: much, little, some, sufficient, any, enough, whole, etc.

Adjectives of quantity answer the question ‘how much ?

 

Adjectives of Number


These adjectives show how many persons or things are there or in what order any of them stands. These are adjectives of numbers.

e.g: all, many, several, five, some, first, most, etc.

Adjectives of number answer the question- ‘How many’ or ‘In what order ?

 

Distributive Adjectives


These adjectives show that only one person or thing is taken at a time. These adjectives are called distributive adjectives.

e.g: each, very, either, neither, etc.

 

Demonstrative Adjectives


These adjectives point out the thing or person that is spoken about. Such pointing out adjectives are called demonstrative adjectives.

e.g: this, that, these, those, yonder, such, etc.

Demonstrative adjectives answer the question- ‘which ?

Note- This and that are used with singular nouns and these and those are used with plural nouns.

 

Interrogative Adjectives


These adjectives are used with nouns to ask questions. Such adjectives are called interrogative adjectives.

e.g: what, which, whose, etc.

 

Possessive Adjectives


These adjectives show possession. They are therefore called possessive adjectives. They tell us whose a thing is.

e.g: my, your, his, etc.

 

Here we are providing a list of commonly used adjectives through which you should go through.

Read the following pairs of adjectives. In each pair, the second adjective means exactly the opposite of the first one.

Wrong                                              right Weak                                            strong Thick                                                      thin
Poor                                                  rich Cruel                                              kind Proud                                                   humble
Clever                                              stupid Wet                                                  dry Polite                                                      rude
Good                                                 bad Big                                                  small Much                                                      little
Long                                                 short Hard                                                soft Old                                                          new
Young                                                old High                                                 low Rough                                                  smooth
Slow                                                  fast Deep                                              shallow Sharp                                                     blunt
Beautiful                                          ugly Sweet                                                sour Idle                                                         busy
Wide                                              narrow True                                                  false Ripe                                                        raw

 

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Prashant Raj Tiwari

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