Adjective and Its Types
An adjective is a word that adds something to the meaning of a noun.
E.g: England is a rich country.
Kinds of Adjectives
- Adjectives of quality
- Adjectives of quantity
- Adjectives of number
- Distributive adjectives
- Demonstrative adjectives
- Interrogative adjectives
- Possessive adjectives
Adjective of Quality
These adjectives tell us of what kind a place, a person or a thing is. Such adjectives are called adjectives of quality.
e.g: big, great, beautiful, honest, etc.
Adjective of quality answer the question……… of what kind? They are also called descriptive adjectives because they describe a person, a place, or a thing.
Adjectives of Quantity
These adjectives much tell us how much of a thing is intended. These adjectives do not describe things or persons. Such adjectives are called adjectives of quantity.
e.g: much, little, some, sufficient, any, enough, whole, etc.
Adjectives of quantity answer the question ‘how much ?’
Adjectives of Number
These adjectives show how many persons or things are there or in what order any of them stands. These are adjectives of numbers.
e.g: all, many, several, five, some, first, most, etc.
Adjectives of number answer the question- ‘How many’ or ‘In what order ?’
These adjectives show that only one person or thing is taken at a time. These adjectives are called distributive adjectives.
e.g: each, very, either, neither, etc.
These adjectives point out the thing or person that is spoken about. Such pointing out adjectives are called demonstrative adjectives.
e.g: this, that, these, those, yonder, such, etc.
Demonstrative adjectives answer the question- ‘which ?’
Note- This and that are used with singular nouns and these and those are used with plural nouns.
These adjectives are used with nouns to ask questions. Such adjectives are called interrogative adjectives.
e.g: what, which, whose, etc.
These adjectives show possession. They are therefore called possessive adjectives. They tell us whose a thing is.
e.g: my, your, his, etc.
Here we are providing a list of commonly used adjectives through which you should go through.
Read the following pairs of adjectives. In each pair, the second adjective means exactly the opposite of the first one.
|Wrong right||Weak strong||Thick thin|
|Poor rich||Cruel kind||Proud humble|
|Clever stupid||Wet dry||Polite rude|
|Good bad||Big small||Much little|
|Long short||Hard soft||Old new|
|Young old||High low||Rough smooth|
|Slow fast||Deep shallow||Sharp blunt|
|Beautiful ugly||Sweet sour||Idle busy|
|Wide narrow||True false||Ripe raw|